Everyone knows what anxiety feels like, but what many people don’t know is the difference between anxiety and an anxiety disorder. Even for people who know that there is a major difference, they are still confused by what exactly anxiety disorders are and what those suffering deal with as a result.
To clear up the confusion, Vinay Saranga M.D., a psychiatrist and founder of Saranga Comprehensive Psychiatry, shares these 9 facts you might not know about anxiety disorders:
- There’s a difference between anxiety and an anxiety disorder: Everybody experiences anxiety from time to time. It quite often presents itself when we are feeling scared, stressed or worried and that’s normal anxiety. People with a true anxiety disorder experience both psychological and physiological symptoms on a regular basis, and in many cases, it can be debilitating.
- Anxiety disorders encompass a number of psychiatric conditions: An anxiety disorder is not just someone who experiences excessive worry. A number of psychiatric conditions makeup anxiety disorders including: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Panic Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder.
- Anyone can develop an anxiety disorder: Anxiety disorders are not just reserved for people who tend to worry a lot. Anyone can develop an anxiety disorder because there are a number of factors that come into play including your environment, upbringing, genetics and chemical imbalances in the brain.
- Anxiety symptoms aren’t always obvious: Most people think of excessive worry and stress as symptoms of anxiety. That is true, but there are also other symptoms that you may not associate with anxiety such as racing thoughts, chest pains, difficulty breathing, irritability, loss of appetite, headaches, trouble sleeping and increased heart rate.
- Anxiety disorders can be managed: Many anxiety disorders bring about very unpleasant body sensations. Although they can be quite scary and even uncomfortable, it is possible to learn to control them and lead a very successful and fulfilling life despite your condition.
- Treatment should be started as soon as possible: Like any medical condition, the sooner you can start treatment for an anxiety disorder, the better. The longer it goes without getting help, the more severe your condition can become. There are many great treatment options available including medication, therapy, alternative treatments and self-help options.
- There’s no reason to suffer: Millions of people have been diagnosed with anxiety disorders. But unfortunately, so many more are silently suffering. Men in particular have a tough time seeking treatment due to the fear of being labeled as weak or being seen as less of a man. There is nothing to be embarrassed or ashamed about.
- Too much anxiety can affect your health: In the short term, there’s nothing dangerous about the physical sensations of anxiety. However, in the long run, if left untreated, anxiety disorders can take a toll on the body and lead to high blood pressure, heart disease, GI problems and other psychiatric conditions.
- We must continue to erase the stigma: In recent years, anxiety and mental illness as a whole have become more accepted by society. However, it is still not on the same level as more physical illnesses. The responsibility is on all of us to erase the stigma and be more accepting of those who struggle with their mental health.