The Most Common Causes of Lower Back Pain

The Most Common Causes of Lower Back Pain

Physical therapists know that back pain and weakness are some of the worst conditions to work through. When your back hurts, your whole mood changes. Understanding the most common causes of lower back pain may help you uncover what is causing yours. Everyone experiences back pain at some point in their lives. Find out whether you need to take yours seriously.


Known as osteoarthritis when it occurs in your back, back pain caused by arthritis is typically due to wear and tear. Reasons you may feel pain are due to stenosis, which is the narrowing of the spaces in your spine. It can put pressure on your spinal cord and nerves. Further, it causes inflammation and may lead to instability. Also known as degenerative joint disease, the condition progresses slowly and typically affects older individuals. Pain medications and therapy are common treatments for osteoarthritis.


You may feel pain in your lower back if something is putting pressure on your sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve runs down your lower back, buttocks, and sides of your legs. A slipped disk or bone spur can cause nerve pain, but you can find practical remedies to relieve sciatic back and leg pain. The best treatments are rest, massage, stretches, and physical therapy.


When bones become brittle or porous, they may develop fractures since they are so weak. Fractures and weak bones cause back pain, which doctors treat with pain medications. Further, doctors may prescribe medications and hormone therapy to treat your condition as well.

Ruptured Disks

One of the most common causes of back pain is a bulging or ruptured disk. When this happens, the soft material inside your disk can press against a nerve and cause pain. Doctors can find out if you have disk issues through X-rays. They may prescribe medications or physical therapy to relieve pain. If the issue is bad enough, you may need back surgery.

Muscle Strain

Some lower back pain may be caused by muscle or ligament strain, which may be due to repeated heavy lifting. Keeping your back strong can help with this problem. Recommended treatments for back muscle strain include:

  • Taking a break
  • Physical therapy
  • Medication
  • Massage
  • Splint device or cast

The most common causes of lower back pain include wear and tear, overuse, and herniated disks. It’s difficult to know the cause of back pain without the intervention of a health care professional. If your back pain is preventing you from enjoying daily life, see a doctor immediately.