What is a Migraine?

Woman suffering from a migraine headache

A migraine is a common neurological disorder that causes a variety of symptoms, most notably a throbbing, pulsing headache on one side of the head. It can cause moderate to severe pain and often comes with other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound. Migraines are more than just bad headaches; they are a disabling neurological disease that can have long-lasting effects if left untreated.

Causes of Migraine

Migraines can be caused by many different factors, including genetics, hormones, stress, certain foods and drinks, environmental triggers such as bright lights or loud noises, and even changes in weather patterns. Certain medications may also trigger migraines in some people. It’s important to note that there is no single cause for migraines; rather it is likely due to a combination of factors.

Symptoms of Migraine

The most common symptom of a migraine is an intense throbbing or pulsing headache on one side of the head. Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, blurred vision, dizziness or vertigo, fatigue or exhaustion after the migraine has passed. Some people may also experience aura before the onset of their migraine attack; this can include visual disturbances such as flashing lights or blind spots in your vision.

Diagnosis & Treatment Options for Migraine

If you think you may be suffering from migraines it’s important to speak with your doctor about your symptoms so they can properly diagnose you and recommend treatment options. Your doctor will likely ask questions about your medical history and perform physical exams to rule out any other potential causes for your headaches. They may also order imaging tests such as MRI or CT scans if necessary.

Once diagnosed with migraines there are several treatment options available depending on the severity of your condition. These include over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen; prescription medications specifically designed for treating migraines; lifestyle changes such as avoiding potential triggers; relaxation techniques like yoga or meditation; and alternative therapies like acupuncture or massage therapy. In some cases surgery may be recommended if other treatments have failed to provide relief from symptoms.


Migraine headaches can be debilitating but with proper diagnosis and treatment they don’t have to take over your life. If you think you might be suffering from migraines it’s important to speak with your doctor about your symptoms so they can properly diagnose you and recommend treatment options that work best for you.


Author Profile

The Editorial Team at Lake Oconee Health is made up of skilled health and wellness writers and experts, led by Daniel Casciato who has over 25 years of experience in healthcare writing. Since 1998, we have produced compelling and informative content for numerous publications, establishing ourselves as a trusted resource for health and wellness information. We aim to provide our readers with valuable insights and guidance to help them lead healthier and happier lives.